Kampüs Kreş Makaleler Logosu

Repetition; Why and for What

Oyun ve Çocuk

Repetition. Why do we pay so a lot of attention to repetition if we can just move ahead to learn something new? Don’t we waste our academic time repeating a material more than a couple of times? Does repetition have us stuck at the same stage of learning?

These are the questions that might pop up in your mind within tracking your kid's academic development catching that “the educational calendar is always about the same”.. Right? If yes, then it makes sense to read this article to the end.

Here we go.

Repetition and learning. How do they interact?

Let’s take a deeper insight into what learning means. Below I give you some suggestions taken from the well-known dictionaries and web-resources to have different ideas of its definition.

“Learning is the activity of obtaining knowledge.” 1
“Learning is a process of acquiring new understanding, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, attitudes, and preferences.” 2
“Learning is the process of gaining knowledge and experience, for example by studying.” 3

Now, let’s highlight the keywords of these definitions. They are activity, process, acquiring. I believe that you will agree with me if I consider “activity” or “process” as a sequence of some particular steps to gain a goal. This raises a question: is repetition one of the steps of learning? If it is then why?

Repetition is a consolidation of heard/seen material, that’s why we build such a great amount of activities to stimulate information decoding to store and retrieve the memory.

Learning and memory

It is essential to remember that learning is a function of memory encoding and consolidation, which, in turn, are processes that change the brain physically.

A helpful framework for thinking about how memory works is illustrated in the above diagram which breaks the process into three components:

Learning and Memmory

Working memory and learning

To create a clearer vision of what you are going to be told about here that all we keep in our mind is stored. Our brain is like a huge warehouse filled up with billions of things. But the meter is how it is packed. It is packed in some categories. In other words, you can envision our brain as a set of drawers categorized by some criteria. The phenomenal feature of our brain is that it is so much structured. We can store items only if we have categories for things that are being stored.

Every day, in the classroom, children are bombarded by big vast of information- lyrics of songs they heard newly, a story they were told, new colors, numbers, shapes, vocabulary, teacher speech, interaction with each other, various tasks, the things they experienced during the activities and so on. Given language exposure sounds puzzled, right? Such a long list to think about and a more complicated list to deal with. However, all of these “brain stimuli” can be memorized if they are put into unique categories for that thing. That’s why working towards one academic unit consumes a decent time (time needed for obtaining depends on the student's age group and language level).

From theory to practice

Let’s put all that you’ve read here into practical use through the prism of stages of memory I talked about so far.
For example, teaching the color green to 3 years old kids group.

To summarize we come up with the outcome that is we learn through repetition that lies based on language development. Knowing the main processes of how the brain and memory settled we get keys to unlock facts and features that help to build a proper educational approach.

“What fires together wires together,”

say, neuroscientists, which is why repetition supports learning while the absence of repetition and exposure results in its decay.